Student 5 - The Work of Christ Portrayed in Godís Covenant with Israel

Antitypes (spiritual realities) are anticipated (pictured, prophesied) by types (illustrations, object lessons, portrayals) through points of correspondence (with things, people, activities, and events).Though we may not have all the details exactly right, we can think about types in the correct way and get the general direction right.

        This lesson is an example of a lesson plan to guide students in discovering how the Tabernacle in its existence, configuration, furniture, and rituals typified certain realities.

List or describe everything that was included in the description of the tabernacle and what was associated with it.




How is the exactitude concerning these things emphasized?
(Ex.25:9, 40; 26:30; 27:8; Acts 7:44; Heb.8:5)

(Ex.25-31)††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (Ex.35-40; Num.7-8)

(Num.8:4, 22).†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

Read Ex.39-40 and list the verses affirming that the work was performed as commanded.


We have seen that the Bible sometimes leaves out things that must be supplied by the interpreter to completely express the meaning.Here we see the text is excruciatingly detailed.Why?


What does Ex.35:30-35 suggest to you?


What was the tabernacleís overall purpose?Ex.25:8


What things, people, their actions, or events does the NT connect the tabernacle with?Jn.1:4††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††Heb.9:23-24

1 Cor.3:16-17; Rev.1:13, 20; 2:1

2 Cor.6:16

What was the position of the tabernacle when Israel was encamped and why?


What was the position of the ark when Israel was on the march and why?


        The following exercise takes one thing associated with the tabernacle and examines one or several offerings or rituals pertaining to it.

The sacrificial system was a graphic representation of the work of Christ.The burnt offering [ascension, like smoke] was a sweet savor offering [the other category was guilt offerings], and the most general of the regular sacrifices. Our question - What was involved and what lessons about the atonement did it teach?

The altar of burnt offering (bronze altar Ex.39:39) dominated the center of the front of the outer court.It was the first object encountered upon entering the courtyard and the focus of most of the activity related to the tabernacle.Its base was composed of unhewn stones testifying to manís inability to contribute toward the work of salvation.The altar itself was a large square (4Ĺ ft. high; 7Ĺ ft. on each side) made of Acacia wood overlaid with brass (or copper) with a horn at each corner signifying divine judgment.

(1) the sacrifice (Lev.1:3,10) was to be a healthy male without physical defects from the herds [bull or bullock], flocks [ram or he-goat], or birds [dove or pigeon]

What principle did this teach and symbolize?To bring an offering (v.2) was to voluntarily present a gift (22:18 NIV); only a sacrifice that was (in the spiritual sense) pure, perfect, and blameless was acceptable

What about Christ did it point to?1 Pt.1:19 the perfect (obedient and righteous) lamb (sacrifice) God provided

(2) the offerer (Lev.1:4) laid his hands on (leaned on) the animalís head

What did this act teach and symbolize?



What work of Christ did it point to?2 Cor.5:21


(3) the slaughter (Lev.1:5a) - the offerer slew the animal

What did this teach and symbolize?


What did it point to?Rom.4:25; 5:6


(4) the priest (Lev.1:5b) sprinkled (threw, flung) the blood against the altar on all sides.

What principle did this teach and symbolize?


What did it point to?Heb.9:12


(5) the remainder of the sacrifice (Lev.1:6-9) - the offerer skinned, cut the whole animal in pieces, and washed some; the priest built-up the fire upon the altar, laid the parts on it, and burnt-up everything except the hide.[All of the other bloody sacrifices parallel the previous four steps, but the burning of the entire animal is unique to this whole burnt offering.]

What did this teach and symbolize?


What did it point to?Eph.5:2