GET ACQUAINTED - Describe what you enjoy doing in your spare time.

What insights did you bring to share?

Acts 16:14, “The Lord opened her heart [Lydia] to pay attention to what Paul was saying.”

The terms we have been considering describe the consequences of historical events.

We have been considering what God has done for us. ^

In view of this, what response is called for? v

j.   Mt.18:1-4 "You will never enter the kingdom of heaven unless you turn and become like children" [In what way? > humility]

1 Thes.1:9 "you turned to God from idols [?] to serve the living and true God"

{Acts 11:21b "a great number who believed turned to the Lord"}

Isa.55:6-7 “Seek the Lord while He may be found; call on Him while He is near.  Let the wicked forsake his way and the unrighteous man his thoughts.  Let him turn to the Lord that He may have compassion on him and to our God for He will abundantly pardon.”

Conversion – turning (even to the point of reversal), implies reassessment of truth; drives the question “to what, where, or whom?”

Old Testament example?   Rahab; Ruth

·        Fill in the blanks with the words conversion and regeneration and explain.

Regeneration makes conversion possible or certain (select one).

The dead cannot convert, the regenerate will.

k.  Mt.4:17 "Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand"

Mk.1:15 "Repent and believe in the Gospel"   Repent - change one's mind [attitude]

Old Testament example?  "Repent" was the repeated call of the prophets to Israel.

10.  Where, when, and how did God pay a ransom, forgive and justify us, accomplish redemption, propitiation, reconciliation, and save us?
Christ the righteous one suffered and died on the cross

Col.2:14b "this [our debt] He set aside [forgave], nailing it to the cross"

1 Pt.2:24 "He bore our sins in His body on the tree" [substitution]

11.  What New Testament word encompasses the meaning of the work of Jesus Christ on our behalf?        The Gospel of Jesus Christ

Mk.1:1 "The beginning of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God"

Rom.1:16 "I am not ashamed of the Gospel for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes"

12.  What are the facts of the Gospel in the sequence they took place historically?
The incarnation of Jesus, perfect life (pleased His Father by submitting to His will), death, resurrection.

·        We have been looking closer at what Jesus accomplished in his life, death and resurrection.  The events and accomplishments referred to as the Gospel represent the goal toward which revelation was moving.  Therefore the Gospel of Jesus Christ is the key that unlocks all Scripture.  It is in the Gospel that the glory of God and of Christ is most clearly seen (2 Cor.4:4-6).

WRITE ON BOARD & discuss [interact with] the figurative language of 2 Cor.4:4-6, "The god of this age [the devil] has blinded the minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of the Gospel of the glory of Christ [His divine glory is veiled], who is the image of God."  "For God who said, 'Let light shine out of darkness, has shown in our hearts [sovereign initiative] to give us the light of the knowledge [spiritual life in the new creation, new birth] of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ [not fading like Moses, 3:13]."

Now, let us ask, "Why"?

The Bible speaks of actions (what one does or doesn't do), motives (why one does or not, what governs one's actions, moves him), attitudes (how or in what spirit one goes about doing or not doing, see Attitude, a Bible Study, and beliefs (ideas taken into one’s heart that govern his perception).

13.  What motivated God to sacrifice Jesus for our sin?  What does God reveal about His own heart?    1 Tim.2:4 "God our Savior desires all people to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth."

Tit.3:5 "He saved us according to His mercy"

Eph.2:4-8 "God, who is rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us…that…He might show the exceeding riches of His grace expressed in His kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.  For by grace you have been saved through faith [means]…it [faith] is the gift [grace] of God…"

Jn.3:14-17 "As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness [redemptive event], so must the Son of Man be lifted up, that the one who believes in Him may have eternal life.  For God so loved the world that He gave [grace] His only Son, that the one who believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life.  For God did not send His son into the world to condemn it, but in order that through Him the world might be saved"

Rom.4:6-8 “Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven and whose sins are covered; blessed is a man against whom the Lord will not count sin.”

Define mercy.  Withholding executing the penalty [opposite of propitiation] deserved through compassion, pity

Define grace.  Doing good and giving to the undeserving [not for the righteous]

Dialog with Ex.33:18-19; 34:5-7 in considering God’s character    [Israel was encamped near Mt. Sinai and unable to approach God in his holiness (Ex.19).  While Moses was on the mountain receiving the law to sanctify the Israelites as God's own possession, many of the people turned away from God by worshipping a false god and engaging in other pagan practices.  God called upon the faithful to execute His judgment by slaying their relatives, companions and neighbors who are rebelling against Him (32:25-29) [judicial act was a saving act].

But, God was still angry, so Moses interceded for the people and asked Him to forgive their sin or blot him out of his book with along them.  God answered that He would blot out the ones who sin against Him and in the day He visits, He will visit their sin upon them [punishment, certain but unspecified].  The Lord showed his continuing displeasure by sending a plague on the people.

God told Moses that He would send His angel to lead them to the land He promised to Abraham and drive out its inhabitants, but that He Himself would not go up among them lest He destroy them (32:30-33:6).  Moses again spoke to God and argued that it was God's presence with them that distinguished His people from all others (33:12-17).  The narrative continues as Israel left the Sinai wilderness (Num.10:11).]

Moses' requested to know God, that God show him His ways (33:13) and glory (v.18).  "I will make My goodness pass before you and proclaim My name 'the Lord.'  I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy to whom I will show mercy (v.19)." [sovereignty] "the Lord God merciful [compassionate, NIV] and gracious, longsuffering and abounding in goodness and truth, keeping mercy [lovingkindness, NAS; faithful love, NLT; steadfast love, ESV & NIV] for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children's children to the third and forth generation."  Moses' response is worship (34:5-9).

God's name and reputation are at issue.  God's glory is expressed in the goodness of His heart and righteousness of His actions.  That’s why He warns people to repent.

{Ezek.18:23, 32 "Do I take pleasure in the death of the wicked? declares the Sovereign Lord.  Rather, am I not pleased when they turn from their ways [repent] and live?"  33:11 "As I live, declares the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way [repent] and live."}

14.           Contrast statements about the Old Testament with statements about the New Testament in each of the following verses and state the implications.

Heb.8:1-5 - O.T.[priests] serve a copy and shadow of heavenly things”
N.T. “We have a high priest who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the majesty in heaven, a minister in the holy places, the true tabernacle that the Lord has set up…”

Heb.10:1 - O.T. "the law is a shadow of good things to come"
N.T. "true form of the realities" - good things have come and are not hidden

Col.2:16-17 - O.T. "food and drink, or festival, new moon or Sabbath are shadows of things to come"    N.T. "the substance is in Christ" - the full story has come out

·  PRACTICE EXERCISE - Write on board [with brackets] and ask class to insert comments.

This study encompasses the 2 great periods of God’s silence, each marked by a supernatural deliverance.  Lk.4:16-21 [context: Jesus is in synagogue in Nazareth on Sabbath reading from Isa.61:1-2a] "The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me because He has appointed Me [the reality behind the figure of being anointed with oil for an office or task] to proclaim good news to the poor [category: needy, helpless, powerless, those humbled by the circumstances of their lives].  He has sent Me to proclaim liberty to the captives [redemption] and recovery of sight to the blind [In what sense?], to set at liberty those who are oppressed [victims, downtrodden. How?], to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor [Not a calendar year, but the period when salvation would at last be announced by the Gospel accompanied by physical healing demonstrated that after some 400 years of silence (since Malachi), God has 'remembered' His people and 'turned His face toward them'] Today this Scripture has been fulfilled [the savior has come, salvation is near] in your hearing." [see apdx.C, session 2]

getting at what the Bible means for us to understand by looking at what it says

It won’t do to merely repeat Jesus’ words.  They need to be filled with content to be meaningful or they become empty like a slogan or a cliché.  Jesus was about to make a way for men to be forgiven and approach God, something portrayed but not available in the OT (Heb.9:8-12).  Isa.61 refers to the liberation of Israel from a yet future Babylonian captivity.  “The year of the Lord’s favor” corresponds to similar phrases, “time of favor” and “day of salvation” in Isa.49:8 which is quoted in 2 Cor.6:2a.  “At the acceptable time I listened to you and on the day of salvation I helped you.”  The part that follows (2b) leaves no doubt of the meaning, “Behold now is the acceptable time, now is the day of salvation.”  So, these phrases are all referring to the same thing.  Further when Jesus quoted from Isa.61, He stopped short.  The next part reads, and the day of vengeance of our God” (2b).  He did not come the first time to bring God’s wrath upon the earth, but to proclaim deliverance from that awful judgment which will inevitably come upon the earth.  In contrast, He came this time “to proclaim good news to the poor [Gospel of salvation] …liberty to the captives [freedom from the fear of death]…to set at liberty those who are oppressed [by sin in the world], to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor [grace]” (Lk.4:18-19).  Such phrases are meant to be understood as having their ultimate fulfillment in spiritual things, things pertaining to redemption.  This is what is depicted by the year of Jubilee.


After Joseph’s death, a new pharaoh rose to power and set taskmasters over the Israelites “to afflict them with heavy burdens.”  “They ruthlessly made the people work as slaves and made their lives bitter with hard service (Ex.1:8-14).”  Some 400 years later, God sent Moses to lead them out, “I have seen the affliction of My people…and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters.  I know their sufferings and I have come down to deliver them…and to bring them…to a good and broad land flowing with milk and honey… (Ex.3:7-10).”  When Moses approached pharaoh with God’s demand to release the people to sacrifice to Him, pharaoh accused Moses of giving the people “rest from their burdens” and increased the workload even more, “let heavier work be laid on the men (Ex.5:1-14).”

As Moses was leading the Israelites out of oppression and slavery in Egypt (Ex.12), we find a progression of relief in the rest God makes for them beyond the fact that they no longer served the Egyptians.  Not only was the Sabbath day a one-in-seven full day of rest, a weekly break from regular chores (after the continuous - 7 days a week - slave labor in Egypt for many years), it was also God’s gracious response to the griping of the people.  They had just been supernaturally freed from Egyptian tyranny, supernaturally led across the desert (Ex.13), supernaturally rescued from annihilation by the Egyptian chariot forces (Ex.14), having drunk water supernaturally purified, and been led to rest at an [apparently unoccupied] oasis with 70 palm trees and 12 springs (Ex.15).  The people had complained and grumbled at every trial and they did so again after they broke camp for the next phase of the crossing (Ex.16).  Each time, God treated them with patience and kindly intervened supernaturally to correct the problem.  Once again He did so by raining quail down on them in the evening and depositing manna on the desert in the morning for them to gather.  He set aside one day out of each 7 as a weekly Sabbath rest, made supernatural provision for that day, and continued that practice for 40 years while Israel wandered in the wilderness and He replaced the old generation from Egypt with those raised in the desert.

The very next time the people were tested, God stood on a rock and had Moses strike it with his rod, and water [representing “life” in the desert] flowed out for the whole congregation and their livestock (Ex.17).a  God’s rules governing the manna and the Sabbath were specific and detailed (Ex.16:14-36).  The Sabbath was later included in the covenant with Israel as its sign b (Ex.31:12-18; Ez.20:11-20).  On it, everyone [all the laborers, servants, slaves, the kitchen staff, and the work animals] had a full day off, a rest, a break from the relentless monotony and grind of life.  Remember what Jesus said, “The Sabbath was made for [the benefit of] man, and not man for the Sabbath [to make him a slave to it].”  “Come to Me [How?] all who labor and are heavy laden [weighed down by a heavy load] and I will give you rest.  Take My yoke [harness that serves as an emblem or symbol of subjection] upon you and learn from Me for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls [more than a mere physical reprieve].  For My yoke is easy and My burden is light.”

God also established a Sabbath year.  Every 7th year the land was to be left alone [no planting, cultivating, pruning, or harvesting].  The Israelites were to store up food from the 6th year and leave the fields for the poor, the hired hands, foreigners, servants, and animals.  There was to be no pressure for people in debt to repay personal loans.  It was the year of release [remission, cancellation of debts] (Dt.15:1-2) to allow the land to recover and people to recuperate from the ceaseless burden of making payments on loans.c

After a series of 7 such years, 49 years in all, God mandated a year of Jubilee (Lev.25:8-13).  Ez.46:16-17 calls it “the year of liberty.”  For those who had fallen on hard times because of the circumstances of life, or by being swindled by unscrupulous men, or because they made bad or foolish decisions and were in debt or had sold their land or themselves into servitude, God says FREEDOM for those who could not redeem themselves or find a relative who would; CANCELLATION of the debts they could not pay; RESTORATION of their inheritance in the land; God provided food for everyone and all the animals on the fallow land.  This is the language of deliverance and meshes with Lk.4.  So the weary laborer looked forward to the Sabbath day when he could rest.  So the man struggling to keep up payments on his debts and provide for his family anticipated the Sabbath year to relieve the pressure and give him a chance to catch up.  So those who were hopelessly in debt, who had lost everything waited and longed for the year of Jubilee [rejoicing, celebration].  So we find our eternal rest in Christ our Sabbathd and wait for Him who restores everything to the condition it ought to be in, to bring us into our inheritance, the celebration of God with His people where the Jubilee will never end.  You might think that we are in a long period of God’s silence similar to those two mentioned above.  We are, but there is a difference.  Christ who was the subject of those revelations has come and everything God wants us to know He has already said.  The Holy Spirit has been given to His people so we can look at what He has already said and done with new eyes and to help us make our way through the perils of this life awaiting His return and the summing up of all things in Him.


a  This was a picture of eternal life that comes to us through the judgment of Christ (1 Cor.10:1-5) [close connection].

b  The Sabbath was to Israel's relationship with God what a wedding ring is to a marriage relationship. They are both visible signs of a covenant.

c  The length of Israel’s Babylonian captivity was determined by the number of years they refused to observe the Sabbath year law (2 Chr.36:15-21; Jer.29:10).

d  Heb.3:7-4:11 [close connection], see Keeping the Sabbath in Christ

FURTHER STUDY: The Truth of the Cross by R.C. Sproul